Did you know that male factors can contribute up to 70% of infertility in couples? – 30% that is solely male factor with about 30-40% being a combination of male and female infertility. A startling percentage when most people believe that infertility is a woman’s problem. When couples are having difficulty conceiving, it is vital to thoroughly evaluate both partners, including the male for male factor infertility.
Male infertility is a male’s inability to achieve pregnancy due to low sperm production, abnormal sperm function, or the inability to deliver sperm. Causes of male factor infertility can vary; including illness, physical injuries, environmental toxins, and certain lifestyle choices. When assessing male fertility a semen analysis is the first test performed.
At New York’s GENESIS Fertility we ask for 2-5 days of abstinence prior to the semen analysis appointment. This is to ensure that we have the best sample for the test. Andrologists measure the quality and quantity of the semen sample including:
- Concentration of sperm present in the semen sample
- Motility of the sperm (percentage of sperm that can move forward normally)
- Morphology of the sperm (percentage of sperm that have a normal shape), which we grade using Kruger’s strict criteria.
Based on the semen analysis results, we can either rule out male factor infertility, or suggest different treatment options; such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). If necessary, patients may be referred to a urologist for further evaluation.
Excessive drinking, smoking, and drug use can all contribute to poor sperm quantity and quality; while maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, and exercise can improve them in as little at 2-3 months.
To make an appointment with our laboratory, please call (718) 331-3513.
We’re open 7 days a week, 6:00 AM to 2:00 PM.